13. Charades, Alternades & Kangaroo Words

Posted: 2013 年 11 月 24 日 in Logology
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In general, charades refer to a word guessing game. A typical charade is an acting game in which one player acts out a word or phrase, often by miming similar-sounding words, and the other players guess the word or phrase. The idea is to use physical rather than verbal language to convey the meaning to another party. In the U.K., the game is traditionally played at Christmas and on New Year’s Eve. However, in terms of logology, charades are words that contain sets of words within them by respacing but not rearranging letters, such as together (to + get + her).

  1. across = a + cross

  2. alienation = a + lie + nation

  3. amiable = am + I + able

  4. atrophy = a + trophy

  5. averse = a + verse

  6. barrage = bar + rage

  7. history = hi + story

  8. manslaughter = man’s laughter

  9. mustache = must + ache

  10. nowhere = now + here

  11. psychotherapist = psycho + the + rapist

  12. significant = sign + if + I +can’t

  13. therapist = the + rapist

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An alternade is a word in which its letters, taken alternatively in a strict sequence, and used in the same order as the original word, make up at least two other words. All letters must be used, and the shorter words consist of either completely odd-numbered letters or completely even-numbered letters within the parent word (board = bad + or; troupe = top + rue; waist = wit + as). In this way, the term binade is also used. In addition, it is possible to have an alternade using every third letter, as in lacerated (let + are + cad). An alternade is much rarer than a charade (daredevil = dared + evil), which is not made up of alternating letters.

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Kangaroo words carry smaller words related in meaning to the parent word in which the smaller word is spelled with successive but not completely consecutive letters.

  1. accustomed → used

  2. acrid → acid

  3. allocate → allot

  4. amicable → amiable

  5. brackets → braces

  6. chocolate → cocoa

  7. contaminate → taint

  8. contradictory → contrary

  9. cozen → con

  10. deception → con

  11. expurgate → purge

  12. fabrication → fiction

  13. facade → face

  14. impertinent → pert

  15. indolent → idle

  16. obligated → obliged

  17. prattle → prate

  18. prosecute → sue

  19. rambunctious → raucous

  20. rapscallion → rascal

  21. reduplicate → replicate

  22. retrogress → regress

  23. satiate → sate

  24. satisfied → sated

  25. tolerate → let

  26. transgression → sin

  27. variegated → varied

  28. yearning → yen

  29. unsightly → ugle

Exercise: Please work out the following kangaroo words.

  1. arena → _____

  2. barren → _____

  3. blossom → _____

  4. clue → _____

  5. dazzle → _____

  6. deceased → _____

  7. destruction → _____

  8. encourage → _____

  9. inflammable → _____

  10. moisture → _____

  11. municipality → _____

  12. precipitation → _____

  13. quiescent → _____

  14. revolution → _____

  15. salvage → _____

  16. shadowy → _____

  17. stocking → _____

  18. scion → _____

  19. supervisor → _____

  20. unanimity → _____

On the other hand, anti-kangaroo words carry their antonyms, such as covert, which contains overt.

  1. animosity → amity

  2. exacerbate → abate

  3. friend → fiend

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