18. Heteronyms, Capitonyms, & Homophones

Posted: 2013 年 12 月 28 日 in Logology
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Heteronyms refer to two or more words which are spelled identically but have different sounds and meanings, such as tear meaning ‘rip’ and ‘liquid from the eye.’

  1. bass: A bass was painted on the bass.

  2. close: When you’re close to the door. Please close it.

  3. desert: The soldier tried to desert in the desert.

  4. does: The buck does funny things around does.

  5. minute: I had only a minute to go into minute detail.

  6. number: After she received a number of injections, her gums grew number.

  7. object: Please don’t object to the object.

  8. present: I want to present the present.

  9. produce: The farm used to produce produce.

  10. refuse: The dump was so full that it had to refuse our refuse.

  11. sake: When we asked why he stole the alcohol, he said he did it for the sake of sake.

  12. sow: We wanted to know how the farmer taught his sow to sow.

  13. tear: When Donna saw a tear in her dress, she shed a tear.

  14. wind: The wind was so strong that we couldn’t wind the sail.

Exercise: Please translate and recite the following sentences.

  1. The bandage was wound around the wound.

  2. We must polish the Polish furniture.

  3. He could lead if he would get the lead out.

  4. The soldier decided to desert the dessert in the desert.

  5. Since there is no time like the present, he thought it was time to present the present.

  6. When shot at, the dove dove into the bushes.

  7. The insurance was invalid for the invalid.

  8. There was a row among the oarsmen about how to row.

  9. A seamstress and a sewer fell down into a sewer line.

  10. I had to subject the subject to a series of tests.

  11. How can I intimate this to my most intimate friend?

  12. Archery requires a bow and an arrow. A boat has a bow.

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Capitonyms are words that change their meaning and pronunciation when they are capitalized. They are often treated as heteronyms; by definition, they are heteronyms involving uppercase letters.

  1. August = the eighth month ←→ august = magnificent

  2. Job = a book and character in the Bible ←→ job = a piece of work, a task, or an occupation

  3. Male = the capital of the Maldives ←→ male = the opposite of female

  4. Nestle = the famous corporation ←→ nestle = settle snugly

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Homophones result when each of two or more words having the same pronunciation but different meanings, origins, or even spelling, such as new and knew.

  1. air, are, heir

  2. cops, copse

  3. file, phial

  4. groin, groyne

  5. sole, soul

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