Rhetoric–B1: Euphemism & Irony

Posted: 2014 年 01 月 23 日 in Rhetoric
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I. Euphemism

  1. Your grammar is not particularly good. (= poor)
  2. Schools nowadays have to handle more and more maladjusted children. (= problem children)
  3. She lay in bed with T.B. (= tuberculosis)
  4. They parted after two years of marriage. (= divorced)
  5. I’m afraid he has misrepresented the facts. (= lied)
  6. The girl is hard of hearing. (= deaf)
  7. Sometimes I think she sticks too much to her principles. (= stubborn)
  8. Henry is always misinformed. (given false information)
  9. He used poor judgement wherever he went. (= showed himself a fool)
  10. In private, I should merely call him a liar. In the press, you should use the words: “reckless disregard for truth,” and in Parliament– you regret he “should have been so misinformed.”
  11. He worked and worked until he breathed his last. (pass away, lay down one’s life, go to sleep, go out with the tide, go off, go to his long rest, go the way of all flesh, kick the bucket, be no more, depart, join the majority, go west, go to glory, go to one’s account, go to one’s last home, go to a better world)
  12. washroom, bathroom, restroom, comfort station, powder room, ladies’, gents
  13. old enemy, Old Harry, Old Ned, Old Nick, Old Poker, the old boy, old serpent
  14. tree-trimmer→ tree surgeon; hairdresser→ beautician; bootblack→ footwear maintenance engineer; cobbler→ shoe rebuilder; dustman→ street orderly; whore→ working girl, call girl, business girl, pavement princess
  15. madhouse→ mental hospital, mental health center; small business→ hotel industry, tourist industry

II. Irony

  1. What a noble illustration of the tender laws of his favored country!–They let the paupers go to sleep!
  2. The student plays football all day long during the time of examination. What a diligent student he is!
  3. His designs were strictly honorable, as the saying is; that is, to rob a lady of her fortune by way of marriage.
  4. You’ve got us into a nice mess.
  5. He was sage indeed.
  6. This hard-working boy seldom reads more than an hour per week.
  7. When that the poor have cried, Caesar hath wept.

Ambition should be made of sterner stuff,

Yet Brutus says he was ambitious,

And Brutus is an honorable man.

 

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