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12年國教英文教學面面觀 (Spring, 20140315)

Posted: 2014 年 03 月 21 日 in Seminar notes

Topic: 十二年國教英文教學面面觀            Presenter: Spring of NKNU          Time: 2014.3.15 @ TCHCVS

I.          The top ten most difficult languages in the world (The United Nations Educational Scientific & Cultural Organization): Chinese (The written form has no clues as to how it is actually pronounced.), French, Danish, Norwegian, German, Finish, Japanese, Icelandic, Arabic, Greek.

 II.        The following sentence contains all of the pronunciations of “ough”:

A rough-coated, dough-faced, thoughtful ploughman strode through the streets of Scarborough; after falling into a slough, he coughed and hiccoughed. (Slough- a town in Central London, a hole with mud, to remove an outer layer of skin)

 III.       Use mnemonics

  1. i before e, except after c (“Weird” is an exception because it is weird.)
  2. separate– There is a rat in it.
  3. cemetery– All the “e’s” are buried in the cemetery.
  4. secretary– A secretary keeps a secret.
  5. bargain– You gain if you get a bargain.
  6. necessary– one c, two s; it is good to have one coffee and two sugars.
  7. dilemma– Emma has a dilemma.
  8. rhythm– Rhythm helps your tiny hips move.
  9. crucible哭什麼, tyro太弱, coma睏, panacea怕你死呀, loathe惹死, coy古意, docile打死, pedantic屁蛋一個, tirade太累, rampant亂爬, shoddy下地

 IV.       Intonation and stress:

E.g. I lost my purse. Great! Now I don’t have money for lunch.

Of all people. (Why me!)  Get out of here! Shut up!

Japanese: oba-san (aunt), obaa-san (grandma)

 V.        Pause:

1.      Jane said, “My dog is clever.”  “Jane,” said my dog, “is clever.”

2.      Let’s eat, Grandma. Let’s eat Grandma.

 VI.       Content words and function words:

1.   The beautiful mountain appeared transfixed in the distance. (14 syllables)

2.   He can come on Sundays as long as he doesn’t have to do any homework in the evening. (22 syllables)

The two sentences take about the same time to speak, why?

 VII.     Use tongue twisters to pronounce correctly:

  1. /th/ Tom threw Tim three thumbtacks.
  2. /l/, /r/ Don’t run along the wrong isle. Let little Nellie run a little. A lump of red leather, a red leather lump. Red leather, yellow leather.
  3. /pl/, /pr/ Is there a pleasant peasant present?
  4. /cr/ Cross crossings cautiously
  5. /gr/ Greek grapes
  6. /ch/, /sh/ Which is the witch that wished the wicked wish?
  7. /s/, /sh/ We surely shall see the sun shine soon.
  8. /a/ A knapsack strap. A black-based bath brush.
  9. /i/ Thin sticks, thick bricks.
  10. /u/ Double bubble gum bubbles double.
  11. /u/, /a/ A cup of coffee in a copper coffee pot.
  12. The rain in Spain stays mainly on the plain.
  13. If two witches watched two watches, which witch would watch which watch?
  14. How much dew would a dewdrop drop if a dewdrop could drop dew?
  15. How many cans can a canner can if a canner can can cans? A canner can can as many cans as a canner can if a canner can can cans.
  16. How much wood would a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood? He would chuck, he would, as much as he could, and chuck as much wood as a woodchuck would, if a woodchuck could chuck wood.

 VIII.    Useful one word:

Absolutely! Exactly! Definitely! Absurd! Adios! Aloha! Ciao! Ta-ta! Sayonara! Bravo! Baby, darling, sweetheart, sweetie, honey, sugar! Baloney! Son of a gun! Bingo! Boy! Gee! Cheers! Bottoms up! Chicken! Darn! Fantastic! Incredible! Unbelievable! Figures! Freeze! Gosh! God! Hurrah! Hush! Indeed! Jerk! Lazybones! Pervert! Dirty old man! Lowlife! Lousy! Man! Nonsense! Forget it! Oops! Ouch! Pig! Question! Ridiculous! Roger! Say! Shoot! Weird! Wow! Yuck! Yummy!

 IX.       Grammar:

Effortless English: do not study grammar, read to acquire automatic grammar.

There is no rule but has exceptions. English grammar can be messy.

E.g. Dangling modifier: Walking into a temple, a Buddha was seen by me. (I saw a Buddha.)

 X.        Inspiring questions:

  1. If you were a vegetable/animal, what vegetable/animal would you be?
  2. What does your name mean? If you were to change your name, what would you change your name to? Why?
  3. Are you spring, summer, fall, or winter? Why?

 XI.       Activities:

  1. Double jeopardy: Ans: Ben  Q: What is our English teacher’s name? Ans: Jade Mountain. Q: What is the highest mountain in Taiwan?
  2. Fortunately/unfortunately: I lost my purse at the bus station, but fortunately/unfortunately…
  3. Half dictation: say the first half of the sentence and ask students to finish it.
  • As soon as I walked into the classroom, …
  • Because I went to bed late last night, …
  • Although Tina is short and skinny, …
  • Yesterday my dog ran away, …
  • After I graduate from high school, …
  • If you wish to win her heart, …
  • Nobody knows…