Archive for the ‘English teaching & learning’ Category

Kiwi

Posted: 2014 年 04 月 11 日 in Speaking
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Kiwi: a flightless New Zealand bird with hair-like feathers, having a long-downcurved bill with sensitive nostrils at the tip.

The video shares a touching story that may move you to tears. The audacity of the kiwi always inspires people to achieve their goals against all odds. In terms of English teaching, the video serves as a great material for training speaking and writing. For example, teachers may ask students to retell the story in the first person point of view, that is, students are the kiwis themselves. In this way, students feel empathy with the kiwi and naturally they are more willing to speak or write more.

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Whenever I saw a flock of birds fly happily in the sky, I’ll close my eyes and imagine what it will be like to hover over the mountains. One day, I made up my mind to fulfill my “flying dream” at all costs, nothing can block my way! Actions speak louder than words; I worked on my plan soon after setting the goal. In the following days, I fastened the trees on the steep hill with ropes and nails, and made all the trees into a horizontal direction. Although this was really exhausting, it was the most joyful moment in my life because my weak wings which made me unable to fly will never frustrate me anymore. “There’s only one step left.” I said to myself. Then, I took a deep breath, flapped my wings, dashing down the mountains. Wow! This was totally a novel experience! It seemed that I am on the top of everything, even trees were underneath, and a gentle breeze caressed my face. As the height decreased, a teardrop rolled down my cheeks, but I wasn’t seized by fear. Instead of being terrified, a sense of satisfaction came up to me for realizing my dream, and I knew that nothing was left to regret in my life. (依霖@TCGS)

Extracting my strength, I finally made the tree hung against the cliff. Then I hammered tons of nails in the roots lest the trunk fall. Again and again, I strove to fix thousands of trees to the cliff, transforming the rock wall into the woods. Gazing at my work, a great sense of achievement surged. I put on an aviator’s helmet and made a sprint toward the precipice. Yes, I did plunge. Feeling myself falling down freely, I fluttered my shrunk wings as if I were soaring like an eagle, overlooking the vast woods. My eyes were brimmed with warm tears not because I knew I was doomed to die, but because I made my dream, flying, come true. Although I was born with disabled wings, I never yielded to the fate. Instead, at the expense of my life, I created my own way soaring in the sky. (瓊儀@TCGS)

Kiwi, as humans called me,

I want to fly!

I want to feel leaves brushing

Through my wings along with breeze.

Crazy as you may think,

I built rows of trees on a

Cliff with bare “wings.”

And today, it’s time to

Give it a try.

“Wow, I’m now flying!”

Is my first thought,

And later followed by

“Will it come to an end?”

Or “am I going to die?”

Well, I cannot answer

Either. What I can tell

Is: I feel good right now.

(方瑀@TCGS)

Exercise 1: The Last Knit

Exercise 2: Changing Batteries

Using exact words: 1. Introduction

Posted: 2014 年 03 月 18 日 in Using exact words
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Using Exact Words系列文章共四篇,每篇皆有25句用來解析常用單字的替換用法,如It’s a big problem.→It’s a big hurdle.,因為hurdle有跨欄的涵義,可具體展現problem的概念,像hurdle這種more graphic, powerful, persuasive的單字常見於英美各大報紙,也常用於專業商務人士的溝通,Dr. William A. Vance of Yale University將這類單字稱為“winner’s vocabulary”。

阿賓拜讀語研學院出版的偷看耶魯大師的單字講義” (William A. Vance, 2013),發現內容很適合台灣高中職程度的學生學習,若熟用則可同時增進字彙與寫作能力,故整理成簡單講義供教學之用,每篇皆有25題例句,文末附上參考解答,老師們看解答後應可大致理解為何替換用字較好,若仍有疑義,備課請參閱該書,有詳細解釋與更多例句和補充用法。

教學方法可將學生分組,將例句當翻譯練習或作業,讓學生英譯中後想出或找出更精準的用字來代替目標字,一來翻譯可督促學生去了解句意(learn from the context),二來有助於推敲目標字的同義字。如老師們有其他教法願意分享,也請不吝賜教,謝謝!

  1. Their marketing budget will be reduced next year.
  2. The manager told his goals to the team.
  3. We try to finish by December.
  4. Parents want to make a better future for their children.
  5. She said that August is the slowest month for business.
  6. She hurried to find an answer to the question.
  7. The first action toward good health is to exercise regularly.
  8. Let’s see the situation from another angle.
  9. The automobile industry has several challenges.
  10. John is the important person on the team.
  11. It is hard to discover the source of the noise.
  12. What kind of schedule do you have in mind?
  13. I want to emphasize our company’s experience in manufacturing.
  14. He will report us on the project at the meeting.
  15. He will send you an email with his comment.
  16. The due date is three p.m.
  17. Given this situation, I support David’s suggestion.
  18. The school decreased its staff by ten percent.
  19. The economic future in Australia is worsening.
  20. Our engineer led the development of the software.
  21. The research will pay attention to air pollution.
  22. You should make your presentation better with some pictures.
  23. Cancer survival depends on early treatment.
  24. The complaints suggest problems in our customer service.
  25. Let me see if I can find that information.

Answers:

1. cut 2. share…with 3. aim 4. build 5. noted
6. raced 7. step 8. view 9. faces 10. key
11. pinpoint 12. timeline 13. highlight 14. update 15. feedback
16. deadline 17. background 18. downsized 19. outlook 20. spearheaded
21. focus on 22. jazz…up 23. hinges on 24. point to 25. track down

Using exact words: 2

Posted: 2014 年 03 月 18 日 in Using exact words
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  1. Their success comes from solid planning.
  2. We looked over your plan and have some questions.
  3. The staff will solve the technical problems.
  4. The town tried hard to find a location for the mall.
  5. Workers are preparing for a fight over pensions.
  6. Our decision is given power by governmental regulations.
  7. Commuters begin to rush into the station around seven a.m.
  8. The government started a website for consumer complaints.
  9. She quickly understood the importance of the results.
  10. How can we connect the gap between our plans and budget?
  11. Housing prices will rise in the next three years.
  12. The stock market fell on Tuesday.
  13. We need to evaluate the benefits of advertising against its costs.
  14. Our customers vary from students to retired people.
  15. He tried to move the conversation away from politics.
  16. Our department has been busy with job applications.
  17. They understand the limit of the project.
  18. The recession may help new economic policies.
  19. It’s difficult to judge their level of interest.
  20. The trade surplus has been helping economic growth.
  21. We have no certain/definite information at this time.
  22. How could we change the magazine’s content to increase sales?
  23. The government began a big rescue operation.
  24. Thank you for your fast/quick reply to my email.
  25. The business condition will improve next year.

Answers:

1. stems from 2. examined 3. iron out 4. wrestled with 5. gearing up
6. driven 7. flood 8. launched 9. grasped 10. bridge
11. soar 12. plunged 13. weigh 14. range 15. steer
16. swamped 17. scope 18. spur 19. gauge 20. fueling
21. concrete 22. tweak 23. mammoth 24. speedy 25. climate

Using exact words: 3

Posted: 2014 年 03 月 18 日 in Using exact words
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  1. Computer technology has improved our ability to treat cancer.
  2. The boss said that he was unhappy with our progress.
  3. We need to direct more money into advertising.
  4. Most citizens approved the government’s efforts to lower taxes.
  5. Nokia has got fifteen percent of the market.
  6. We need advice on completing the tax form.
  7. Public opposition to the sales tax began to appear.
  8. The effect of the president’s comments was dramatic.
  9. The translation of the manual should be improved.
  10. The seminar aims at new employees.
  11. I need to think about the information.
  12. It is important to improve your leadership skills.
  13. He told me the news.
  14. At our next meeting, we will deal with school safety.
  15. We arrange/organize the meeting so that Peter spoke first.
  16. She always wants to search all options before deciding.
  17. The committee listened to a lot/variety/range/sum/collection of opinions.
  18. Our ways to measure include: number of new customers, website traffic, and monthly profit.
  19. I wanted to inform you of changes in emergency procedures.
  20. The culture barrier is a major problem.
  21. We will make/design a seminar to meet your requirements.
  22. She is doing a lot of things right now.
  23. The commercial shows our desire to reach women.
  24. We have reached a critical stage in the negotiations.
  25. We will consider your proposal again next year.

Answers:

1. sharpened 2. signaled 3. channel 4. applauded 5. captured
6.guidance 7. surface 8. impact 9. polished 10. targets
11.digest 12. strengthen 13. relayed 14. address 15. structure
16. explore 17. spectrum 18. metrics 19. alert…to 20. hurdle
21. tailor 22. juggling 23. reflects 24. juncture 25. revisit

Using exact words: 4

Posted: 2014 年 03 月 18 日 in Using exact words
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  1. She chose to respond to the complaint by email.
  2. High energy prices threaten to disturb the Japanese economy.
  3. The city developed a plan to reduce the risk of accidents.
  4. She thinks we’re heading in the right way.
  5. My schedule for next week is able to change.
  6. The base of effective negotiation is trust.
  7. The costs are higher than we expected.
  8. The secretary’s behavior is strange/confusing.
  9. Could you make clear your point?
  10. The meeting makes/causes/produces a lot of good ideas.
  11. Our hospital has entered the area of AIDS research.
  12. There were a large number of emails.
  13. He helped her with the practical details of starting a store in London.
  14. My career has taken me on an unusual path.
  15. He has the necessary skill to do the job.
  16. The business environment in Korea is difficult to understand and deal with.
  17. Since our budget is tight, we must save on travel.
  18. Let me try to plan/arrange a compromise.
  19. I’d like to use your sales experience for this project.
  20. Every company wants to increase its profits.
  21. The report supported his claims about age discrimination.
  22. The lower price was the cause for increased sales.
  23. The agenda for our meeting should become definite by Friday.
  24. The survey included a wide range of people.
  25. The diagram contains our plans for next year.

Answers:

1. elected 2. derail 3. strategy 4. direction 5. flexible
6. foundation 7. envisioned 8. puzzling 9. clarify 10. generates
11. arena 12. astronomical 13. mechanics 14. trajectory 15. expertise
16. navigate 17. economize 18. orchestrate 19. leverage 20. maximize
21. buttress 22. catalyst 23. crystalize 24. encompassed 25. encapsulates

Rhetoric–Introduction

Posted: 2014 年 01 月 23 日 in Rhetoric
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By definition, rhetoric is the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.

本系列講義為陳定安教授所著「英漢修辭與翻譯」一書整理而出,可用於進階單字教學、翻譯練習、文化比較等方面。陳教授系統性對比英語與漢語之間的異同,然此講義主訴英語教學,故割捨書中漢語修辭與翻譯處理的部分,也減少譯界專業術語,以求教學方便。陳教授此書深入淺出,阿賓強烈推薦!

修辭概說:

I. 修辭就是在運用語言的時候,根據特定的目的精心選擇語言的過程,力求把話說得更正確,更明白,更生動,更精彩。

II.語法管的是「通不通」,邏輯管的是「對不對」,修辭管的是「好不好」。

III. 正因為有了「同」,才可以互譯。正因為有了「異」,才產生了不同的方法與技巧。

IV. 修辭方法具有三方面特徵:生動的表意功能,一定的結構規律,特殊的語言方式。

V. 修辭是人的審美觀在語言裡的表現。民族的思想感情不同,對事物看法不同,可以反映在一些帶有比喻色彩的諺語,俗語和格言上。

  1. as timid as a rabbit  膽小如
  2. to fish in the air  中撈
  3. to kill two birds with one stone  一
  4. black sheep  害群之
  5. as stupid as a goose  蠢得像
  6. as drunk as a lord  爛醉如
  7. to spend money like water  揮金如
  8. as wet as a drowned rat  濕得像落湯
  9. to spring up like mushrooms  雨後春
  10. the apple of one’s eye  上明
  11. as nervous as a cat on a hot tin roof; like a hen on a hot griddle   急得像熱上的螞蟻

講義編排:

A:英漢意象修辭

  1. 明喻 (simile)
  2. 隱喻 (metaphor)
  3. 借喻 (metonymy)
  4. 借代 (synecdoche)
  5. 諷喻 (allegory)
  6. 比擬 (personification)

B:英漢語義修辭:

  1. 委婉 (euphemism)
  2. 反語 (irony)
  3. 誇張 (hyperbole)
  4. 雙關 (pun)
  5. 矛盾修飾 (oxymoron)
  6. 描摹 (imitation)
  7. 移就 (transferred epithet)

C:英漢句構修辭:

  1. 排比 (parallelism)
  2. 對照 (antithesis/contrast)
  3. 反覆 (repetition/reiteration)
  4. 設問 (rhetorical question)
  5. 倒裝 (anastrophe/inversion)
  6. 層遞 (gradation: climax & anticlimax)
  7. 聯珠 (catchword repetition)
  8. 拈連 (zeugma)
  9. 跳脫 (aposiopesis)
  10. 省略 (ellipsis)
  11. 引用 (quotation)
  12. 呼語 (apostrophe)

提醒:

  1. 各種修辭方法僅提供例句,老師們可藉此引導學生分組觀察例句內容,讓學生主動歸納出該修辭方法。依阿賓經驗,讓學生自行歸納這種student-centered instruction + task-oriented learning + cooperative learning會比老師傳統講述的學習效果好很多。
  2. 此系列修辭講義有一定難度,建議老師扎實備課。

Rhetoric–A1: Simile & Metaphor

Posted: 2014 年 01 月 23 日 in Rhetoric
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I. Simile

  1. My love is like a red, red rose.
  2. My heart is like a singing bird.
  3. talk like a book
  4. drink like a fish
  5. as fresh as a rose
  6. smoke like a chimney
  7. as proud as a peacock
  8. as timid as a rabbit/mouse
  9. as black as pitch
  10. as brave as a lion
  11. as straight as an arrow
  12. as sly as a fox
  13. as faithful as a dog
  14. as slow as a tortoise
  15. as high as a kite
  16. as quiet as a lamb
  17. as sharp as a knife
  18. as light as a feather
  19. as hungry as a wolf
  20. as black as a crow
  21. as motionless as a statue

II. Metaphor

  1. The thought was fire in him.
  2. Failure is the mother of success.
  3. He still has a ray of hope.
  4. His mind swept easily over the world.
  5. This country has rosy prospects.
  6. A heavy purse makes a light heart.
  7. There was a stormy debate at the meeting.
  8. He could not bridle his anger.
  9. A bright idea suddenly struck him.
  10. He needled his way through.
  11. The train steamed into the station.
  12. Waves thundered against the rocks.
  13. The hill was veiled in mist.
  14. She wormed the secret out of him.
  15. I’ll chew over your suggestion.
  16. Let’s dig deeper into the text.
  17. We stopped to drink in the beautiful scenery.
  18. She melted into tears.
  19. The airplane was swallowed up in the clouds.
  20. The wind was whispering in the pines.
  21. The ugly scar runs right across his left cheek.
  22. The trees stood greener after the rain.
  23. Above us hung a sullen sky.
  24. He was left outside in the pitiless cold.
  25. What a lame excuse you have!
  26. He ate with a wolfish appetite.
  27. You have undertaken an uphill task.
  28. All the world’s a stageAnd all the men and women merely players.