Archive for the ‘Using exact words’ Category

Using exact words: 1. Introduction

Posted: 2014 年 03 月 18 日 in Using exact words
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Using Exact Words系列文章共四篇,每篇皆有25句用來解析常用單字的替換用法,如It’s a big problem.→It’s a big hurdle.,因為hurdle有跨欄的涵義,可具體展現problem的概念,像hurdle這種more graphic, powerful, persuasive的單字常見於英美各大報紙,也常用於專業商務人士的溝通,Dr. William A. Vance of Yale University將這類單字稱為“winner’s vocabulary”。

阿賓拜讀語研學院出版的偷看耶魯大師的單字講義” (William A. Vance, 2013),發現內容很適合台灣高中職程度的學生學習,若熟用則可同時增進字彙與寫作能力,故整理成簡單講義供教學之用,每篇皆有25題例句,文末附上參考解答,老師們看解答後應可大致理解為何替換用字較好,若仍有疑義,備課請參閱該書,有詳細解釋與更多例句和補充用法。

教學方法可將學生分組,將例句當翻譯練習或作業,讓學生英譯中後想出或找出更精準的用字來代替目標字,一來翻譯可督促學生去了解句意(learn from the context),二來有助於推敲目標字的同義字。如老師們有其他教法願意分享,也請不吝賜教,謝謝!

  1. Their marketing budget will be reduced next year.
  2. The manager told his goals to the team.
  3. We try to finish by December.
  4. Parents want to make a better future for their children.
  5. She said that August is the slowest month for business.
  6. She hurried to find an answer to the question.
  7. The first action toward good health is to exercise regularly.
  8. Let’s see the situation from another angle.
  9. The automobile industry has several challenges.
  10. John is the important person on the team.
  11. It is hard to discover the source of the noise.
  12. What kind of schedule do you have in mind?
  13. I want to emphasize our company’s experience in manufacturing.
  14. He will report us on the project at the meeting.
  15. He will send you an email with his comment.
  16. The due date is three p.m.
  17. Given this situation, I support David’s suggestion.
  18. The school decreased its staff by ten percent.
  19. The economic future in Australia is worsening.
  20. Our engineer led the development of the software.
  21. The research will pay attention to air pollution.
  22. You should make your presentation better with some pictures.
  23. Cancer survival depends on early treatment.
  24. The complaints suggest problems in our customer service.
  25. Let me see if I can find that information.

Answers:

1. cut 2. share…with 3. aim 4. build 5. noted
6. raced 7. step 8. view 9. faces 10. key
11. pinpoint 12. timeline 13. highlight 14. update 15. feedback
16. deadline 17. background 18. downsized 19. outlook 20. spearheaded
21. focus on 22. jazz…up 23. hinges on 24. point to 25. track down
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Using exact words: 2

Posted: 2014 年 03 月 18 日 in Using exact words
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  1. Their success comes from solid planning.
  2. We looked over your plan and have some questions.
  3. The staff will solve the technical problems.
  4. The town tried hard to find a location for the mall.
  5. Workers are preparing for a fight over pensions.
  6. Our decision is given power by governmental regulations.
  7. Commuters begin to rush into the station around seven a.m.
  8. The government started a website for consumer complaints.
  9. She quickly understood the importance of the results.
  10. How can we connect the gap between our plans and budget?
  11. Housing prices will rise in the next three years.
  12. The stock market fell on Tuesday.
  13. We need to evaluate the benefits of advertising against its costs.
  14. Our customers vary from students to retired people.
  15. He tried to move the conversation away from politics.
  16. Our department has been busy with job applications.
  17. They understand the limit of the project.
  18. The recession may help new economic policies.
  19. It’s difficult to judge their level of interest.
  20. The trade surplus has been helping economic growth.
  21. We have no certain/definite information at this time.
  22. How could we change the magazine’s content to increase sales?
  23. The government began a big rescue operation.
  24. Thank you for your fast/quick reply to my email.
  25. The business condition will improve next year.

Answers:

1. stems from 2. examined 3. iron out 4. wrestled with 5. gearing up
6. driven 7. flood 8. launched 9. grasped 10. bridge
11. soar 12. plunged 13. weigh 14. range 15. steer
16. swamped 17. scope 18. spur 19. gauge 20. fueling
21. concrete 22. tweak 23. mammoth 24. speedy 25. climate

Using exact words: 3

Posted: 2014 年 03 月 18 日 in Using exact words
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  1. Computer technology has improved our ability to treat cancer.
  2. The boss said that he was unhappy with our progress.
  3. We need to direct more money into advertising.
  4. Most citizens approved the government’s efforts to lower taxes.
  5. Nokia has got fifteen percent of the market.
  6. We need advice on completing the tax form.
  7. Public opposition to the sales tax began to appear.
  8. The effect of the president’s comments was dramatic.
  9. The translation of the manual should be improved.
  10. The seminar aims at new employees.
  11. I need to think about the information.
  12. It is important to improve your leadership skills.
  13. He told me the news.
  14. At our next meeting, we will deal with school safety.
  15. We arrange/organize the meeting so that Peter spoke first.
  16. She always wants to search all options before deciding.
  17. The committee listened to a lot/variety/range/sum/collection of opinions.
  18. Our ways to measure include: number of new customers, website traffic, and monthly profit.
  19. I wanted to inform you of changes in emergency procedures.
  20. The culture barrier is a major problem.
  21. We will make/design a seminar to meet your requirements.
  22. She is doing a lot of things right now.
  23. The commercial shows our desire to reach women.
  24. We have reached a critical stage in the negotiations.
  25. We will consider your proposal again next year.

Answers:

1. sharpened 2. signaled 3. channel 4. applauded 5. captured
6.guidance 7. surface 8. impact 9. polished 10. targets
11.digest 12. strengthen 13. relayed 14. address 15. structure
16. explore 17. spectrum 18. metrics 19. alert…to 20. hurdle
21. tailor 22. juggling 23. reflects 24. juncture 25. revisit

Using exact words: 4

Posted: 2014 年 03 月 18 日 in Using exact words
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  1. She chose to respond to the complaint by email.
  2. High energy prices threaten to disturb the Japanese economy.
  3. The city developed a plan to reduce the risk of accidents.
  4. She thinks we’re heading in the right way.
  5. My schedule for next week is able to change.
  6. The base of effective negotiation is trust.
  7. The costs are higher than we expected.
  8. The secretary’s behavior is strange/confusing.
  9. Could you make clear your point?
  10. The meeting makes/causes/produces a lot of good ideas.
  11. Our hospital has entered the area of AIDS research.
  12. There were a large number of emails.
  13. He helped her with the practical details of starting a store in London.
  14. My career has taken me on an unusual path.
  15. He has the necessary skill to do the job.
  16. The business environment in Korea is difficult to understand and deal with.
  17. Since our budget is tight, we must save on travel.
  18. Let me try to plan/arrange a compromise.
  19. I’d like to use your sales experience for this project.
  20. Every company wants to increase its profits.
  21. The report supported his claims about age discrimination.
  22. The lower price was the cause for increased sales.
  23. The agenda for our meeting should become definite by Friday.
  24. The survey included a wide range of people.
  25. The diagram contains our plans for next year.

Answers:

1. elected 2. derail 3. strategy 4. direction 5. flexible
6. foundation 7. envisioned 8. puzzling 9. clarify 10. generates
11. arena 12. astronomical 13. mechanics 14. trajectory 15. expertise
16. navigate 17. economize 18. orchestrate 19. leverage 20. maximize
21. buttress 22. catalyst 23. crystalize 24. encompassed 25. encapsulates